Artist’s rendering of a manned Mars mission. Credit: NASA
Artist’s rendering of a manned Mars mission. Credit: NASA

Artist’s rendering of a manned Mars mission. Credit: NASA

It has just been announced that the world’s first space tourist, Dennis Tito, is leading a private effort to send a manned space flight to Mars in January 2018. A Media Advisory titled “The Planets are Aligning for a Once-in-a-Generation Space Journey” claims that a rare alignment of the planets will be occurring that makes possible a manned mission to travel to Mars and back in 501 days. In a Media Advisory he announced the creation of the “Inspiration Mars Foundation”, a non-profit foundation that would lead the Mars mission. The Foundation, which Tito chairs, will give more details about the manned Mars mission in a February 27 Press conference at the National Press Club. Three respected space scientists are scheduled to discuss the proposed mission. Tito’s announcement follows an earlier announcement by SpaceX to establish a colony on Mars. Private efforts to create manned Mars missions, appear to be eclipsing official public efforts by NASA and other space agencies to send humans to Mars – but are they?

According to the February 20 Media Advisory issued by the Griffin Communication Group:

The Inspiration Mars Foundation, a newly formed nonprofit organization led by American space traveler and entrepreneur Dennis Tito, invites you to attend a press conference detailing its plans to take advantage of a unique window of opportunity to launch an historic journey to Mars and back in 501 days, starting in January 2018.

Tito achieved global fame when he paid $20 million to hitch a ride on a Russian Soyuz Space vehicle to the International Space Station in 2001. Tito now wants to contribute the growth of the American space industry at a time when NASA is facing budget cuts and the reduction of manned missions:

This “Mission for America” will generate new knowledge, experience and momentum for the next great era of space exploration. It is intended to encourage all Americans to believe again, in doing the hard things that make our nation great, while inspiring youth through Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) education and motivation.

Tito’s efforts follows a presentation by SpaceX founder Elon Musk in November 2012, where he announced plans to establish a colony of 80,000 on Mars. Taking a trip to Mars, if Musk has his way, would cost as little as $500,000. Musk revealed his long term plans in a November 16 presentation at the Royal Aeronautical Society. In an interview, Musk revealed that establishing a Martian colony was his ultimate objective, and “it always has been.” Given his recent space accomplishments, successfully sending an unmanned space vehicle to the International Space Station and back – Musk’s Mars vision is no idle pipedream. What of Dennis Tito? We will have to wait to see the February 27 Press Conference to learn more specifics.

Tito and Musk seem to be filling a hiatus in manned space missions to the moon and planets given cut backs in NASA funding. But are they really? Have official US manned space flights to other planetary bodies come to an end due to a stagnant U.S. economy? Not so according to the memoirs of former U.S. President Ronald Reagan.

In President Reagan’s Diary, the entry for Tuesday, June 11, 1985 (page 334) reads:

Lunch with 5 top space scientist. It was fascinating. Space truly is the last frontier and some of the developments there in astronomy etc. are like science fiction, except they are real. I learned that our shuttle capacity is such that we could orbit 300 people.

Reagan’s comment was very revealing since the recently retired Space Shuttle held a maximum of eight people and only five were built for space flight. Even if all five took off fully loaded it would be impossible to place and maintain 300 astronauts in orbit. It couldn’t be any clearer. President Reagan was revealing the existence of a highly classified space program that could accommodate hundreds of astronauts in orbit. Military and corporate whistleblowers that have come forward to reveal what they know of classified antigravity space vehicles, would agree with Reagan. Hidden within one of the nine unified combatant commands of the U.S. military, as British hacker Gary McKinnon discovered back in 2002, is a highly classified fleet of ships that operate in deep space. The classified name of this secret space fleet is alleged to have been “Solar Warden”. The trip to Mars and back by the not so secret U.S. space fleet can be expected to be far less than the 501 days Tito plans for his 2018 space venture.


© Copyright 2013. Michael E. Salla, Ph.D. Exopolitics.org

This article is copyright © and should not be added in its entirety on other websites or email lists. Permission is granted to include an extract (e.g., introductory paragraph) of this article on website or email lists with a link to the original.

Further Reading

 

Orbital trajectories and sizes of 2012 DA14 and the meteor that streaked across the Russian skies on Friday. Photo by: SETI Institute

Orbital trajectories and sizes of 2012 DA14 and the meteor that streaked across the Russian skies on Friday. Photo by: SETI Institute

A ten thousand ton meteorite blew up yesterday over the Russian Urals with the force of an atomic bomb of 500 kilotons (30 Hiroshoma bombs) causing over 1200 injuries and damaging 3000 buildings in the city of Chelyabinks according to NASA and the Russian Interior Ministry. The meteorite explosion preceded by a few hours the near miss of the much larger Asteroid 2012 DA14 whose impact would have been far more catastrophic. The close timing between the two events led to some scientists claiming that they were related. Not so according to NASA which released a statement saying that the meteorite and Asteroid 2012 DA14 were entirely unconnected. More controversial are claims by Russian MP, Vladimir Zhirinovsky who told the Russian media that the meteorite was in fact a U.S. weapons test. While widely regarded as an extreme rightwing Russian nationalist given to making provocative claims by the Western media, Zhirinovsky does raise some important questions. Do elements of the U.S. military possess weapons that could simulate a meteorite falling over major cities? If so, then such weapons could indeed be used to intimidate nations into following policies against their national interests as Zhirinovsky was suggesting.

First, let’s begin with Zhirinovsky’s comments. He told Russia’s state controlled RIA news: “Those aren’t meteors falling, it’s the Americans testing new weapons” Zhirinovsky also claimed: “US Secretary of State John Kerry had wanted to warn Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov about the “provocation” on Monday, but couldn’t reach him.” Most controversially he went on to say: “Outer space has its own laws… Nothing will ever fall out there… If [something] falls, it’s people doing that. People are the instigators of wars, the provocateurs.”

Zhirinovsky’s claims might be easily dismissed as the scientifically illiterate comments of an extreme Russian nationalist. Yet, he does have a point that wars are often instigated by shadowy groups using false flag events to intimidate nations and provoke wars. Also, it has been calculated that the chances of asteroid near miss and meteor impact happening at nearly same time (only 15 hours apart) were calculated to be 1 in 100 million. That indicates a high likelihood that the events were more than coincidental which supports Zhirinovsky’s claim. So we now get to the core of Zhirinovsky’s claims. Does the U.S. military have the technology to simulate a meteorite impact or direct an actual meteor from its space trajectory over specific regions or cities over Earth?

According to what is publicly known about U.S. military capabilities no such technology exists. There are however classified military technologies secretly deployed in space that could redirect or imitate a meteor detonating over specific regions of the planet. Contrary to general public knowledge, there is strong evidence of a secret space fleet, controlled in part by elements of the U.S. military that is capable of interplanetary flight using sophisticated antigravity technologies. In his memoirs, Former President Ronald Reagan in fact referred to a secret space shuttle program that could fly 300 people:

Lunch with 5 top space scientist. It was fascinating. Space truly is the last frontier and some of the developments there in astronomy etc. are like science fiction, except they are real. I learned that our shuttle capacity is such that we could orbit 300 people.

In regard to antigravity technologies, these have been clearly demonstrated to both exist, and to have been developed in classified military programs.

Using antigravity technologies, one of the vehicles belonging to this secret space fleet could approach and change the inertia (something regarded as impossible by the currently known laws of science) of a meteor, asteroid or comet in order to move it out of its normal space trajectory. Antigravity technology could therefore be used to direct meteors, or simulate a meteorite impact using other space objects, over nations for political purposes. Indeed, redirecting a meteor or asteroid in this way to cause regional destruction on Earth, could be used as a false flag event to warn nations against pursuing certain policies. Such an event would generate a new set of global threats that absorb public attention and future government funding, as occurred with the September 11, 2001 attack which has been claimed to have involved classified space weapons.

Finally, what of the timing of the meteorite impact and today’s asteroid pass? Is there a connection? In this regard, NASA says:

According to NASA scientists, the trajectory of the Russian meteorite was significantly different than the trajectory of the asteroid 2012 DA14, making it a completely unrelated object. Information is still being collected about the Russian meteorite and analysis is preliminary at this point. In videos of the meteor, it is seen to pass from left to right in front of the rising sun, which means it was traveling from north to south. Asteroid DA14′s trajectory is in the opposite direction, from south to north.”

 

While there may be no direct physical connection, the timing of the two events does create a clear psychological association, and suggests a possible political connection.

Psychologically, the two events have been associated by their close timing, only a few hours apart. The attention of the world public and media has been directed to a destructive meteorite impact at virtually the same time of a near miss by an asteroid, something that would have been far more destructive if it impacted. The world public and leaderships will predictably give more serious attention to the threat posed by asteroids and other Near Earth Objects.

Politically, if the meteorite impact was created by elements of the U.S. military, then the timing of the meteor impact and asteroid flyby was meant to send a clear political message to Russian leaders. The Chelyabinsk region is only 900 miles from Moscow and has long been a hub for the Russian military and defense industries. Zhirinovsky could be correct. The meteor may have been a warning to the Russian Federation to change policies that are inconsistent with U.S. policy, or else in future something from space might impact with far more catastrophic consequences.

© Copyright 2013. Michael E. Salla, Ph.D. Exopolitics.org

This article is copyright © and should not be added in its entirety on other websites or email lists. Permission is granted to include an extract (e.g., introductory paragraph) of this article on website or email lists with a link to the original.

Further Reading

JPL/NASA graphic of Asteroid 2012 DA14

JPL/NASA graphic of Asteroid 2012 DA14

An incoming asteroid scheduled to pass Earth this coming Friday February 15 is generating much press attention as a new kind of threat facing humanity. At its closest approach Asteroid 2012 DA14 which is 150 feet long, will be 17,200 miles from the Earth. Less than 1/10 the distance to the moon, and within the outer orbits of communication and weather satellites. That qualifies as a very near miss in astronomical terms. In a NASA media teleconference held last Thursday, the consequences of an impact (which NASA emphasized would not happen this time) would be similar to the 1908 Tunguska event where a forest area of 750 square miles was destroyed in Siberia. In a CNN video interview held yesterday, the head of the Planetary Society, Bill Nye, emphasized that a large metropolitan area such as Atlanta, Boston or New York would be obliterated by an impact of something similar in size to Asteroid 2012 DA14. NASA pointed out that only 1% of asteroids the size of 2012 DA14 have been discovered. Presently, there is no effective global defense system against incoming asteroids. Critics claim that NASA is deliberatedly hyping the global threat posed by asteroids as part of a secret strategy to weaponize space. Is the media attention over Asteroid DA14 justified, or is increasing media interest part of an orchestrated secret strategy where asteroids replace terrorism as the preeminent global threat?

 

In Thursday’s media teleconference, NASA emphasized that the asteroid will definitely miss the Earth. It was pointed out that the Earth may not be as fortunate in future since only 1% of asteroids of similar size are known by NASA’s Near Earth Object Program. An asteroid the size of 2012 DA14, if it impacted, would be similar to the Tungaska event of 1908, according to NASA scientists and cause regional devastation. NASA’s Near Earth Object Program has a 20 million dollar budget, and lacks funding to track all near Earth objects. NASA relies on astronomers at various public and private observatories around the world to find and track asteroids such as 2012 DA14 which was discovered on February 23, 2012.

At the NASA media teleconference, NEO program scientists including its Program Manager and Chief Scientist, Dr Donald Yeomans from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory gave further details and answered questions about Asteroid 2012 DA14. Yeoman and his colleagues also gave responses to submitted questions prior to the media teleconference. In response to the question, “What would happen if DA14 were to impact Earth?” they explained:

Asteroid 2012 DA14 will not impact Earth, but if another asteroid of a size similar to that of 2012 DA14 (about 150 feet across) were to impact Earth, it would release approximately 2.5 megatons of energy in the atmosphere and would be expected to cause regional devastation. A comparison to the impact potential of an asteroid the size of 2012 DA14 could be made to the impact of a near-Earth object that occurred in 1908 in Tunguska, Siberia. Known in the asteroid community as the “Tunguska Event,” this impact of an asteroid just slightly smaller than 2012 DA14 (approximately 100 – 130 feet/30-40 meters across) is believed to have flattened about 750 square miles (1,200 square kilometers) of forest in and around the Podkamennaya Tunguska River in what is now Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia.

In response to the question, what is “NASA doing about Near-Earth objects,” Yeoman and his colleagues explain:

The NASA Near Earth Object Observation (NEOO) Program detects and tracks asteroids and comets passing close to Earth using both ground- and space-based telescopes. The network of projects supported by this program, commonly called “Spaceguard,” discovers these objects, characterizes a subset of them and plots their orbits to determine if any could be potentially hazardous to our planet.

Spaceguard was a term coined by Arthur C. Clark in his book, Rendezvous with Rama. Like in Clark’s book, Spaceguard is a global detection system for asteroids, comets, or near-Earth objects in general, that have a potential to impact the earth. A 1992 U.S. Congressional Study produced a Spaceguard Survey Report that mandated NASA locate 90% of large (greater than 1 km) near-Earth asteroids within 10 years. Serious funding began for Spaceguard after the Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 impact on Jupiter in 1994 that released the energy equivalent six million megatons of TNT (100,000 times the largest hydrogen bomb ever tested). Enough for an Extinction Level Event (ELE) were something similar in size to hit earth.  

NASA’s Near Earth Object Office attempts to balance monitoring the threats posed by NEOs and not unnecessarily causing public alarm. The budget for tracking potential hazardous objects is relatively small, giving NASA, according to some critics, a vested interest in hyping the threat posed by NEOs. That certainly was the opinion of Richard C. Hoagland who believed that NASA was hyping the threat posed by Asteroid 2012 DA14 to increase its funding. Hoagland has a point. NASA is desperate for funds since its budget was cut for 2012, and frozen for the next three years at a time of increasing inflation. Listening to Bill Nye in his CNN interview, it’s clear that Nye was also hyping the threat posed by Near Earth objects using gestures and language to emphasize their danger to humanity.

The increasing media hype over the threat posed by asteroids leads to the scenario that they may in future replace global terrorism as the new preeminent threat to humanity. This scenario in fact was clearly anticipated nearly forty years ago by one of NASA’s pioneers, Dr Werner Von Braun.

According to Carol Rosin, who worked with Von Braun in his final years, he became increasingly concerned over secret plans to create new global threats to justify a military buildup in outer space:

When I was a Corporate Manager of Fairchild Industries from 1974 through 1977, I met the late Dr. Wernher Von Braun. We first met in early 1974. At that time, Von Braun was dying of cancer but he assured me that he would live a few more years to tell me about the game that was being played- that game being the effort to weaponize space, to control the Earth from space and space itself…. As practically a deathbed speech, he educated me about those concepts and who the players were in this game…. What was most interesting to me was a repetitive sentence that he said to me over and over again during the approximately four years that I had the opportunity to work with him. He said the strategy that was being used to educate the public and decision makers was to use scare tactics That was how we identify an enemy.

The strategy that Wernher Von Braun taught me was that first the Russians are going to be considered to be the enemy. In fact, in 1974, they were the enemy, the identified enemy. We were told that they had “killer satellites”. We were told that they were coming to get us and control us — that they were “Commies.”

Then terrorists would be identified, and that was soon to follow. We heard a lot about terrorism. Then we were going to identify third-world country “crazies.” We now call them Nations of Concern. But he said that would be the third enemy against whom we would build space-based weapons.

The next enemy was asteroids. Now, at this point he kind of chuckled the first time he said it. Asteroids-against asteroids we are going to build space-based weapons.

If Rosin is correct, then Werner Von Braun believed that NASA would eventually begin to hype the threat posed by asteroids and near earth objects as part of a secret strategy to make asteroids the new global threat. While NASA went to some length to emphasize that Asteroid 2012 DA14 did not threaten the earth, the media frenzy created by NASA’s detailed media teleconference is creating a public perception of asteroids as a new global threat.

It is not far-fetched to speculate that if an asteroid the size of Asteroid 2012 DA14 were ever to impact the earth and cause regional devastation that included parts of the USA, that we would have a new 911 event. The U.S. would lead a global coalition of the willing to transform Spaceguard from an NEO early detection system to a preventive system equipped with advanced space based weapons. More disturbing would be the possibility that elements of a highly classified US led space fleet discovered by the British hacker, Gary McKinnon, could deliberately steer an asteroid to impact the Earth to create the world’s first space-based false flag event.

 

© Copyright 2013. Michael E. Salla, Ph.D. Exopolitics.org

 

This article is copyright © and should not be added in its entirety on other websites or email lists. Permission is granted to include an extract (e.g., introductory paragraph) of this article on website or email lists with a link to the original.

Further Reading

NASA’s Gateway to Astronaut Photography website continues to provide tantalizing evidence of UFOs in space. The latest in a series of astronaut photographs revealing UFOs taken during the Space Shuttle Program was ‘rediscovered’ two days ago, and reveal a very large triangular object on a descent trajectory towards the Earth. The photos were taken in 1986 during the Space Shuttle Columbia mission STS-61C. Is it space debris as NASA claims; an extraterrestrial mothership as some UFO researchers believe; or a highly classified government spacecraft called a flying triangle or TR-3B? The ‘rediscovery’ of the two photographs may be further hard evidence that something is flying in space near NASA space missions that is an unknown spacecraft of some kind.  

The two photographs were uploaded onto Youtube two days ago with commentary, and to date have almost 10,000 views. The Youtube user, DAHBOO7 incorrectly stated that the photos were taken from the International Space Station. The photo descriptions reveal, however, that they were taken from the Space Shuttle Columbia. In a news update released today on UFO Daily Sightings, Scott Waring wrote: “Someone this week discovered these cool NASA photos at an official NASA site that has two extraordinary photos of a black triangle UFO in orbit around Earth.” The two photos, however, were known and circulated much earlier. A retired USAF and Department of Defense employee, Edgar Fouche, for example, cited one of the photos as early September 2011. He wrote regarding the first photo in the sequence: “An interesting Flying Triangle photo by NASA. They called it space junk. Ha… Such BS! Ed.”

Fouche was a Director of Engineering and Senior Program Manager in the USAF and Department of Defense, and after retirement “worked for companies like SAIC, PCA, CEA, and SSAI.” He is the first major whistleblower to come forward to reveal details about a classified aerospace program creating antigravity craft capable of spaceflight – flying triangles. Fouche claims that the TR-3B generates an intense magnetic field that reduces its weight by 89 percent. He says that the TR-3B uses the Biefeld-Brown effect (created by large electrostatic charges) to reduce its weight so that more conventional propulsion systems such as scramjets can give it amazing speeds. This would be well above Mach 18 that he claims is the speed of the SR-74. Fouche claims the TR-3B is 600 feet across which would make it similar in size to an aircraft carrier. This is what Fouche believed was photographed by the NASA astronauts on STS-61C.

Another possibility is revealed by Clark McClelland who finished a 34 year career working as a NASA contractor by working as a NASA SpaceCraft Operator. In a statement released on his website on July 29, 2008, McClelland revealed that he witnessed an extraterrestrial vehicle and one of its occupants rendezvous with a Space Shuttle mission he was monitoring from the Kennedy Space Center. He wrote:

I, Clark C. McClelland, former ScO [Spacecraft Operator], Space Shuttle Fleet, personally observed an 8 to 9 foot tall ET on his 27 inch video monitors while on duty in the Kennedy Space Center, Launch Control Center (LCC). The ET was standing upright in the Space Shuttle Payload Bay having a discussion with TWO tethered US NASA Astronauts! I also observed on my monitors, the spacecraft of the ET as it was in a stabilized, safe orbit to the rear of the Space Shuttle main engine pods. I observed this incident for about one minute and seven seconds. Plenty of time to memorize all that I was observing. IT WAS AN ET and Alien Star Ship!

One issue that needs clarification is whether the triangular object is moving towards the Space Shuttle or falling/moving away from it. According to Waring:

When you compare the first and second photos, you see that the triangle UFO has turned in its position facing a new direction. Also in the second photo the UFO is 2X closer than in the first. Another thing is that the UFO moves closer to the edge of the Earth compared to the first photo where its slightly farther away. From the clouds which change position we can determine that the photos were taken less than minute of one another. Time stamp on #1 photo says 13:59:25 (Hours, Min, Sec) and photo #2 was taken at 13:59:42 so we now know there was 17 seconds in between the photos. This info tells us that it moves very fast towards the Shuttle Columbia which probably panicked the astronauts.

Unfortunately, Waring is mistaken about the time sequence of the photos. The photo with the larger UFO (“2X closer”) is the first in the sequence, which suggests that it is moving away, not towards, the Space Shuttle.

So could the NASA photographs have been an alien star ship as witnessed by McClelland? Alternatively, could it be space debris as claimed by NASA? Or perhaps Fouche is correct that the triangular UFO is a highly advanced classified flying triangle, TR-3B, belonging to a secret military space fleet photographed by NASA astronauts.

© Copyright 2013. Michael E. Salla, Ph.D. Exopolitics.org 

This article is copyright © and should not be added in its entirety on other websites or email lists. Permission is granted to include an extract (e.g., introductory paragraph) of this article on website or email lists with a link to the original.

Further Reading

A team of four scientists has written an article in the latest edition of the Journal of Cosmology claiming that a meteorite discovered in Sri Lanka contains evidence of extraterrestrial life. Inside the meteorite, according to Professor Chandra Wickramasinghe, the lead scientist and Director of the Buckingham Centre for Astrobiology, are tiny fossil microbes that are extraterrestrial in origin. The findings of Wickramasinghe and his team in their co-authored article, “Fossil Diatoms in a New Carbonaceous Meteorite’," immediately aroused controversy. In an article in the Huffington Post published on January 19, Lee Spiegal addressed the controversy and Wickramasinghe’s response to early criticism.   Critics claim that the meteorite sample examined by Wickramasinghe’s team was very likely contaminated by Earth based algae. This raises suspicion that once again scientists claiming they have found evidence for extraterrestrial life will be subjected to a firestorm of criticism including direct personal attacks from their peers.

Chandra Wickramasinghe is no stranger to controversy. The Sri Lanka born mathematician was the founder of the theory of Panspermia along with British physicist Fred Hoyle. Panspermia is based on the idea that life is spread throughout the universe in the form of microbes carried on the back of meteorites that travel through the interstellar vacuum. Wickramasinghe believes that the Sri Lanka meteorite is vindication for his controversial theory, and has solid scientific evidence supporting his conclusions.

According to the abstract in Wickramasinghe’s and his co-author’s article:

We report the discovery for the first time of diatom frustules in a carbonaceous meteorite that fell in the North Central Province of Sri Lanka on 29 December 2012. Contamination is excluded by the circumstance that the elemental abundances within the structures match closely with those of the surrounding matrix. There is also evidence of structures morphologically similar to red rain cells that may have contributed to the episode of red rain that followed within days of the meteorite fall. The new data on “fossil” diatoms provide strong evidence to support the theory of cometary panspermia.

Basically, diatoms are a form of algae that are mainly unicellar and form large colonies. They are a major producer in the food chain. Finding fossil diatoms in a meteorite is hard evidence that extraterrestrial life not only exists, but is commonly found throughout the galaxy. Not so according to Phil Plait, who launched a preemptive strike before the major media and public had a chance to digest Chandrasinghe’s findings.

Plait’s column in Slate magazine begins with a very unscientific ad hominem attack since he writes in the article that “sometimes an ad hominem is warranted!” According to Plait:

Wickramasinghe is a proponent of the idea of panspermia: the notion that life originated in space and was brought to Earth via meteorites. It’s an interesting idea and not without some merits. However, Wickramasinghe is fervent proponent of it. Like, really fervent. So much so that he attributes everything to life in space. He’s said that the flu comes from space. He’s said SARS comes from space. He’s claimed living cells found in the stratosphere come from space. (There is no evidence at all they do, and it’s far more likely they are terrestrial.) He’s said a weird red rain in India was from space (when it’s been shown conclusively that it isn’t). The list goes on and on. Wickramasinghe jumps on everything, with little or no evidence, and says it’s from outer space, so I think there's a case to be made for a bias on his part.

Plait finally launches into the main substantive criticism he has to offer which comes from an evolutionary biologist who responded to Plait’s request to analyze Wickramasinghe’s article. Professor Patrick Kociolek from the University of Colorado wrote back to Plait:

… the diversity present in the images represent a wide range of evolutionary history, such that the “source” of the diatoms from outer space, must have gone through the same evolutionary events as here on earth. There are no extinct taxa found, only ones we would find living today…for me it is a clear case of contamination with freshwater.

Essentially, Kociolek and Plait are claiming that Wickramasinghe’s data was compromised by fresh water on Earth.

The Huffington Post contacted Wickramasinghe and invited him to respond to Plait’s criticism. Wickramasinghe wrote:

In 1962, [Hoyle and I] pioneered the theory of carbon grains in space to replace the old ice grain theory. This was vehemently resisted by the astronomical community at the outset, but with the dawn of infrared spectroscopy, the ice grain theory gave way to the carbon dust theory… Over a few years, after a great deal of model-fitting, we came to the conclusion that material similar to biomaterial fitted all the available data in astronomy … We considered the possibility that biology (microbiology) had a universal character, and no observations in astronomy or new information from biology has provided contrary evidence.

Regarding Plait’s and Kociolek’s main argument that the meteorite sample was contaminated by earth water algae or diatoms, Wickramasinghe continued: "But — there are also at least half a dozen species that diatom experts have not been able to identify."  This is where Plait’s and Kociolek’s criticism falls short since they can’t explain the origin of all the diatoms found in the meteorite.

This is not the first time that scientists finding evidence of extraterrestrial life in meteorites have been exposed to the criticism that their sample was contaminated by earth based microbial life. In August 1996, David McKay and a team of NASA scientists published their analysis of a Martian meteorite discovered in Antarctica. The meteorite was found to have carbon compounds that looked very much like fossil remains of ancient Martian microbes. Here is how Mackay explained their findings:

The carbonate globules are similar in texture and size to some terrestrial bacterially induced carbonate precipitates. Although inorganic formation is possible, formation of the globules by biogenic processes could explain many of the observed features, including the PAHs [polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons]. The PAHs, the carbonate globules, and their associated secondary mineral phases and textures could thus be fossil remains of a past martian biota.

The announcement was big news at the time, and led to President Clinton making a statement contemplating the historical significance of the discovery. The 1996 discovery then got bogged down in scientific debate over whether or not the meteorite was polluted by Earth microbes. Critics claimed NASA scientists had not sufficiently accounted for this possibility. Not so according to a new 2009 study by NASA scientists, including McKay, from the Johnson Space Center that upheld the earlier findings and concluded: “None of the original features supporting our hypothesis for ALH84001 has either been discredited or has been positively ascribed to non-biologic explanations."

Wickramasinghe and his team have just begun the effort of defending their results from criticisms that their meteorite sample was contaminated, and their data therefore inconclusive. Given that controversy still swirls around the 1996 Mars meteorite case, we can expect the same for Wickramasinghe and his team’s claim of finding evidence of extraterrestrial fossils on a meteorite. It may be some time before scientists are willing to concede that Wickramasinghe may have just verified his theory of panspermia.

 

© Copyright 2013. Michael E. Salla, Ph.D. Exopolitics.org 

This article is copyright © and should not be added in its entirety on other websites or email lists. Permission is granted to include an extract (e.g., introductory paragraph) of this article on website or email lists with a link to the original.

Further Reading

UFO captured by NASA and deleted from Johnson Space Center websiteIn a news alert issued today, NASA has been caught deleting photos from its website of what is unmistakable evidence of a UFO. The UFO photos first appeared on the NASA Johnson Space Center website in May 2011 and clearly showed a spacecraft of some advanced design. Without any fanfare, the photos were uploaded and stayed on the NASA website for over a year and half until being recently removed. According to Scott Waring from UFO Sightings Daily, the photos were initially leaked by someone in NASA wanting to get the word out about UFOs. The removed photos with original links to the NASA/Johnson Space Center website can now be found on UFO Sightings Daily. The removal of the digital photos supports claims by whistleblowers that NASA regularly removes evidence of UFOs from its website that are extraterrestrial in origin.

Here is what Waring had to say about the photos when they were first discovered on NASA Johnson Space Center website:

Take a look at these amazing photos that were leaked out of NASA Johnson Space Center. The quality of the photos is almost HD and the detail we see of the UFO recorded by a NASA satellite orbiting are incredible. The most important question here is not what they are…space stations or ships, but is the species that built them still on board those ships?

After the photos were removed, Waring issued a news alert claiming:

I have just been made aware by one of our readers that the UFO Photo that were almost in HD in quality have been deleted. I have tried the links in 4 different web browser but to no luck. The links are gone which means only the photos and videos we posted are the only evidence they ever existed. Please download and copy the video and photos you a personal file of yours and share with others.

As the photos and video make clear, there is unmistakable evidence of UFOs of an artificial design that have been photographed by NASA’s earth orbiting spacecraft. The UFO does not correspond to any known terrestrial spacecraft and appears to be alien in design. Nothing is known of the occupants, but Clark McClelland a former NASA employee who completed training as a Spacecraft Operator may have the answer.

During a 34 year career working as a NASA contractor/employee, McClelland was responsible for ensuring the safety of numerous NASA missions including Mercury spaceflights, Apollo missions, the International Space Station and the Space Shuttle. In a statement released on his website on July 29, 2008, McClelland revealed that he witnessed an eight to nine foot tall extraterrestrial in association with a Space Shuttle mission he was monitoring from the Kennedy Space Center. He wrote:

I, Clark C. McClelland, former ScO [Spacecraft Operator], Space Shuttle Fleet, personally observed an 8 to 9 foot tall ET on his 27 inch video monitors while on duty in the Kennedy Space Center, Launch Control Center (LCC). The ET was standing upright in the Space Shuttle Payload Bay having a discussion with TWO tethered US NASA Astronauts! I also observed on my monitors, the spacecraft of the ET as it was in a stabilized, safe orbit to the rear of the Space Shuttle main engine pods. I observed this incident for about one minute and seven seconds. Plenty of time to memorize all that I was observing. IT WAS AN ET and Alien Star Ship!

Furthermore, McClelland wrote that he was not the only NASA official who witnessed the incident: "A friend of mine later contacted me and said that this person had also observed an 8 to 9 foot tall ET INSIDE the SPACE SHUTTLE CREW COMPARTMENT! Yes, inside OUR Shuttle! BOTH missions were DoD (Pentagon) TOP SECRET (TS) encounters!'

Could the UFO photos that were deleted from the NASA Johnson Center website been the same extraterrestrial vehicle seen by McClelland? If so, then we may have our answer as to who are its occupants, and why someone at NASA decided to finally pull the photos from their website. The fact that the photos were left on NASA`s website for over a year and a half does suggest that there are those working within NASA that want the public to learn the truth about what NASA is seeing and doing in outer space. On the other hand, the fact that the photos were pulled does confirm that NASA is actively suppressing information about UFOs caught on film from many of its space missions.

UPDATE: Thanks to alert readers, both the high and low resolution photos of the UFOs depicted in the original series that were posted in the Scott Waring May 2011 article are still available online. It now becomes clear that NASA JSC moved their digital images to different locations. Here are the links to the high res versions (simply replace "highres" with "lowres" in the URL to get the low resol versons):

© Copyright 2013. Michael E. Salla, Ph.D. Exopolitics.org 

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Star Wars Land CruiserAn anomalous object has just been found on Mars that appears to be a crashed UFO lying just under the Martian dust. The object was discovered by Scott Waring using Google Mars Map which gives users the ability to examine the Martian surface using satellite imagery. In an announcement released today, Waring estimates it to be about 30 meters wide and 60 meters long. According to Waring, it has the shape of a “Star Wars land cruiser.”

Many anomalies that appear artificial have been found on Mars, and the moon for that matter, using NASA satellite imagery by Waring and other researchers. NASA scientists routinely attribute such anomalies to purely geological processes and don’t bother to investigate further their possible artificial nature citing mission priorities and costs. In the rare case of a public outcry as happened in the 1976 Viking Face on Mars controversy, NASA will schedule future missions to provide further satellite images that typically only raise further questions.

This is how Waring explains his Martian discovery:

 I was looking over Google Mars and discovered what looks like the equivalent of the Star Wars land cruiser. You can make out the shape and structure very well and even the two vertical wings in back. Using Google Ruler I found that the craft is 61 meters from nose to end, 33.3 meters from tail to tail, 29.23 meters wide and 4.8 meters thick.

 
Star Wars Land Cruiser-toyHere is what a Star Wars land cruiser looks like, it does have a striking resemblance to what Warring discovered.

Waring created a Youtube video using Google Mars Map where he zooms in on the object that certainly appears to be artificial in shape. Buried just under the Martian surface, it invites further investigation and analysis.

Don’t expect NASA scientists to rush to examine Waring’s claim by sending a rover mission to investigate. Maybe the secret Space Fleet that Gary McKinnon discovered by hacking into Pentagon computers and Ronald Reagan revealed in his memoirs, could investigate. If so, don’t expect the results to be announced anytime soon. Perhaps we will not have to wait too long, if Elon Musk succeeds in putting 80,000 colonists on Mars. Waring’s UFO crash may be just an unusual geological formation; or perhaps in a time long ago, there were “Star Wars land cruisers” racing over the Martian surface.

© Copyright 2012. Michael E. Salla. Exopolitics.org  This article is copyright © and should not be added in its entirety on other websites or email lists. Permission is granted to include an extract (e.g., introductory paragraph) of this article on website or email lists with a link to the original.

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Yesterday, NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) took the extraordinary step of dampening speculation over comments made by one of the leaders of the Mars Curiosity Mission. Just before Thanksgiving, on November 20, John Grotzinger, principal investigator of the Surface At Mars instrument on the Curiosity Rover, was quoted on NPR radio that a discovery had been made that would be “one for the history books.”  Many scientific observers took that to mean that he was about to announce that Curiosity had discovered organic compounds on Mars – the building blocks of life. In an interview with US News, JPL spokesperson Veronica McGregor says that Grotinsky had been “misinterpreted”. She said that there were definitely nothing significant about organic compounds in the results to be announced at a scientific conference next week being hosted by the American Geophysical Union in San Francisco. Rather than an earthshaking announcement, it appears that Grotzinger will be presenting much more mundane data and results about the Curiosity Mission – its working fine after a long flight from Earth! Did Grozinger simply overreach himself in commenting about the data and results from a soil analysis by the Curiosity Rover, or is he being muzzled by more senior NASA figures over what was exactly found on Mars?

Here is what McGregor said about Grotzinger interview on NPR radio that has created much media interest and internet speculation over the last week:

He was extremely excited and continues to be extremely excited that we had the first data coming back from our first sample and the machine is operating beautifully… This was the science team's equivalent of the landing moment. It was a key moment after years of work.

McGregor is saying that Grotzinger was merely excited that the Mars SAM instrument was working fine after the long trip to Mars, and that it was sending back good data. That was the history making element that Grotzinger was referring to, according to McGregor:

I think there was a misinterpretation of what he said. This is a scientist who was so excited his instrument was sending back data … John was extremely excited about having the first data back from SAM…. It’s very interesting data and the scientists are chewing on this—he does believe this mission will be one for the history books. But knowing these rumors [of organic compounds on Mars] were floating out there and knowing we didn’t yet have the results, we wanted to let people know that they’re definitely not in these initial samples…

Yet in the NPR interview Grotzinger focused on the data itself as being history in the making, not the transmission of the data. This is what he actually said to the NPR interviewer:

We're getting data from SAM as we sit here and speak, and the data looks really interesting. The science team is busily chewing away on it as it comes down…. This data is gonna be one for the history books. It's looking really good.

What’s clear from Grotzinger’s own comments is that the data itself is “one for the history books,” not the Curiosity mission or the scientific process by which the data is being transmitted.


In claiming that Grotzinger’s comments were being misinterpreted and that he meant that it was the “mission”, not the “data” that was one for the history books, McGregor is being disingenuous. Did Grotzinger simply misspeak, setting off much speculation about the data results from one of the Mars Curiosity soil analysis experiments? Or is Grotzinger and his data being muzzled by NASA? One thing now appears certain. Nothing extraordinary will be announced at next week’s American Geophyiscal Union conference in San Francisco where Grotzinger will announce the results of a soil analysis by the SAM Rover instrument. Maybe there was nothing extraordinary to be announced all along; or, perhaps, NASA is muzzling something extraordinary that Curiosity has discovered on Mars.

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In 1606, King James I of England granted the first Royal Charter to establish colonies in the New World. In a modern day reprise, Elon Musk, the founder of Paypal, Tesla Motors and SpaceX, plans to build a colony of up to 80,000 people on Mars. Taking a trip to Mars, if Musk has his way, would cost as little as $500,000. Musk revealed his long term plans in a November 16 presentation at the Royal Aeronautical Society. In an interview, Musk revealed that establishing a Martian colony was his ultimate objective, and “it always has been.” Given his recent space accomplishments, successfully sending an unmanned space vehicle to the International Space Station and back – Musk’s Mars vision is no idle pipedream. While it may take several decades to achieve his vision using conventional rocket propulsion technologies, this could be a new first for Musk. Or would it?

According to whistleblowers, elements of the US military possess a secret space fleet that uses antigravity technologies, and is already capable of interplanetary flight to Mars and beyond. A secret attempt to declassify antigravity technology by the Boeing Corporation during the Clinton administration failed. Apparently, the world’s leading aeronautical company was prevented from introducing the next generation of propulsion technologies for the aviation industry for national security reasons. There is also reason to believe that there was an unsuccessful attempt by the Obama administration, under his former national security advisor General Jim Jones, to have antigravity technologies declassified. One day in the not too distant future, currently classified antigravity technologies that will revolutionize the aviation and space industry will be released. Musk’s vision of a Mars colony would then come into fruition much more quickly than he can currently envision.

Elon Musk’s immediate plan is for SpaceX to send manned flights to the International Space Station in the next few years. With two successful missions to the ISS and back using his Dragon Spacecraft, there is little doubt that Musk will achieve his goal unless something unexpected happens. Musk will eventually turn his attention to Mars, and contemplate how to achieve his vision using existing propulsion technologies based on iquid fuel propellants. In his talk at the Royal Aeronautical Society, Musk said: “At Mars, you can start a self-sustaining civilization and grow it into something really big.” The main challenge is that present propulsion technologies make manned missions to Mars prohibitively expensive. NASA has dropped plans for a manned mission to Mar due to the 100 billion budget. With a yearly budget of only $19 billion, NASA would have to be part of an international consortium, and even then the overall cost might be too much. So can private space entrepreneurs such as Musk, succeed where governments cannot? Perhaps, but Musk would do so far more quickly if classified aerospace technologies based on antigravity principles were released.

Classified antigravity technologies have been kept from the public realm for over six decades while secretly developed by military-corporate entities. It was revealed in 1992, for example, that the B-2 Bomber used electrostatic charges on its leading wings and exhaust.  According to aerospace experts, this was confirmation that the B-2 used electrogravitic principles based on the Biefeld-Brown Effect.  The Biefeld-Brown Effect is based on the research of Thomas Townsend Brown who in 1928 gained a patent for his practical application of how high voltage electrostatic charges can reduce the weight of objects. The B-2 bomber employs sufficiently high voltages to significantly reduce its weight. This enables the B-2 and other classified antigravity vehicles to display flight characteristics that appear to defy conventional laws of physics.

During the early period of the Obama administration there may have been an attempt to have such technology declassified. The key Obama appointee for the attempt to introduce antigravity technology into the public sector was very likely General James Jones who was President Obama’s first national security advisor. After retiring from the Marines on February 1, 2007, General Jones served on the Board of Directors of the Boeing Corporation from June 21, 2007 to December 15, 2008. Boeing had been active at least since the early 1990’s in studies to apply antigravity technology for commercial use.

In 2002, an internal Boeing project called “Gravity Research for Advanced Space Propulsion” (GRASP) had been disclosed to the aerospace industry. A GRASP briefing document obtained by Jane’s Defense Weekly stated Boeing’s position: “If gravity modification is real, it will alter the entire aerospace business.” According to a 2008 book by Dr Paul LaViolette, Secrets of Antigravity Technology, Boeing completed a separate classified study for the U.S. military of electrogravitic propulsion recently before October 2007. Boeing was rebuffed in its efforts to have such technology declassified and released into the public sector. As a Board Director and member of Boeing’s Finance Committee at the time of the 2007 classified study, General Jones was privy to and supported Boeing’s efforts in antigravity research and development.

At the same time that Boeing was actively seeking to develop antigravity technologies for a new generation of aircraft, Jones became President of the Institute for 21st Century Energy. The Institute was created by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce with the following mission:

To secure America’s long-term energy security, America must reexamine outdated and entrenched positions, become better informed about the sources of our fuel and power, and make judgments based on facts, sound science, and good American common sense.

As Obama’s first National Security Advisor, General Jones was well placed to ensure that “new energy ideas” would be integrated into a comprehensive national security policy by the Obama administration. Unfortunately, Jones was stymied in his efforts to move forward with his new energy agenda, and was replaced in October 2010 less than two years after taking the job. As happened earlier during the Clinton administration with the Boeing Corporation, efforts to declassify antigravity technology for the civilian aviation sector had been stymied by powerful opponents.

There is little reason to doubt that space entrepreneurs such as Elon Musk could succeed in ambitious plans to achieve manned space flight to Mars, and eventually establish a human colony of up to 80,000 or more. Musk could become a modern day equivalent of William Penn and others granted Royal Charters by the English Crown that established colonies in the New World during the 17th century. The cost and time for achieving Musk’s Mars vision will take several decades using conventional rocket propulsion technologies. If antigravity technologies were declassified and released for commercial application, then Musk’s Martian colony could be brought into fruition much sooner – even before the end of this decade. A $500,000 ticket to Mars may not be that far off into the future after all!

© Copyright 2012. Michael E. Salla. Exopolitics.org

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NASA is about to make a big announcement from its Curiosity Rover Mars mission according to John Grotzinger, its principal investigator. Will it be a giant leap forward in the search for life on Mars? Speculation began soon after Grotzinger gave an interview on NPR public radio on November 20 where he said: "This data is gonna be one for the history books. It's looking really good."    In the NPR interview, Grotzinger said it would be several weeks before his team would announce their finding. A clue as to what was discovered is that the data comes from Curiosity's Sample Analysis at Mars instrument – basically an onboard chemistry lab that is capable of identifying organic compounds – the carbon-containing building blocks of life as we know it. While organic compounds do not necessarily mean that life exists/existed on Mars, they are a vital ingredient in the formation of life. NASA’s big upcoming announcement is most likely to be that it has discovered organic compounds on Mars – possibly, the fossilized remains of ancient Martian microbes.

NASA has been here before. In August 1996, David McKay and a team of NASA scientists published their analysis of a Martian meteorite discovered in Antarctica. The meteorite was found to have carbon compounds that looked very much like fossil remains of ancient Martian microbes. Here is how Mackay explained their findings:

The carbonate globules are similar in texture and size to some terrestrial bacterially induced carbonate precipitates. Although inorganic formation is possible, formation of the globules by biogenic processes could explain many of the observed features, including the PAHs [polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons]. The PAHs, the carbonate globules, and their associated secondary mineral phases and textures could thus be fossil remains of a past martian biota.

The announcement was big news at the time, and led to President Clinton making a statement:

It is well worth contemplating how we reached this moment of discovery. More than 4 billion years ago this piece of rock was formed as a part of the original crust of Mars. After billions of years it broke from the surface and began a 16 million year journey through space that would end here on Earth. It arrived in a meteor shower 13,000 years ago. And in 1984 an American scientist on an annual U.S. government mission to search for meteors on Antarctica picked it up and took it to be studied. Appropriately, it was the first rock to be picked up that year — rock number 84001. Today, rock 84001 speaks to us across all those billions of years and millions of miles. It speaks of the possibility of life. If this discovery is confirmed, it will surely be one of the most stunning insights into our universe that science has ever uncovered. Its implications are as far-reaching and awe-inspiring as can be imagined. Even as it promises answers to some of our oldest questions, it poses still others even more fundamental.

The 1996 discovery then got bogged down in scientific debate over whether or not the meteorite was polluted by Earth microbes. Critics claimed NASA scientists had not sufficiently accounted for this possibility. Not so according to a new 2009 study by NASA scientists, including McKay, from the Johnson Space Center that upheld the earlier findings and concluded: “None of the original features supporting our hypothesis for ALH84001 has either been discredited or has been positively ascribed to non-biologic explanations."

The continuing debate over the 1996 Mars meteorite has led to Grotzinger and his team taking a cautious approach to announcing the results of their analysis of the data sent back by Curiosity’s SAM instrument. If, as Grotnzinger suggests, the results are upheld, we will soon hear that organic compounds have been found on Mars. More importantly, they might be the fossil remnants of ancient microbiological life. You can then expect President Obama following in the footsteps of President Clinton, and make his own public announcement concerning the implications of ancient life on Mars.

© Copyright 2012. Michael E. Salla. Exopolitics.org

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